Answer

This prize is supposed to be awarded for exceptional service to humanity in the field of peace. According to Alfred Nobel’s will, one of those criteria is doing the best work “for fraternity between the nations,” which is certainly what the Cuban healthcare workers have been doing. Also, while most of the awards have been given for efforts related directly to war and peace, the committee has interpreted the criteria more broadly in numerous cases. In 2007, Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change were selected for their work on climate change; Malala Yousafzai won in 2014 for her struggle against the suppression of children and for the right of all children to education. In 2006 Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank were selected for their efforts to help lift women out of poverty through small-scale loans. The Red Cross is a three-time winner of the peace prize, most recently in 1963 for its humanitarian work.